A young military officer and the most powerful nobleman of the of the 1760s of Russia, Count Grigory Orlov, led a conspiracy to discrown Peter III in favor of the wife of the Emperor, Catherine the Great. The Queen gave a lot of rewards for his support and advice in the early years of the reign, including the Marble Palace. The construction of the marble palace was begun in 1768, and it took 17 years to build. The palace was developed by the best foreign and Russian artists and sculptors such as Antonio Rinaldi. There were used 32 different types of marble to form the exterior and interior decoration of the palace, so the palace takes its name from the marbles. This palace is a prominent example of Russian architecture of the 18th century. Visit Saint Petersburg and see this architectural masterpiece closely.
However, the owner of the palace did not see the glory of the palace and died in 1783, when the interior decoration of the palace was still not complete. Catherine II bought it from the next owners and gave it to his grandson, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich, as his marriage gift with Prince Julianna Henrietta. This palace was the residence of young members of the imperial family until the October Revolution. In 1843, the Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich ordered to change the original structure of the marble palace, by architect Alexander Briullov. After the reconstruction of the building, only the marble hall and the central staircase remained in their original forms. Briullov kept the unique design of the building, but he adorned the interior with of Gothic and Renaissance styles. Since 1994, the statue of Emperor Alexander III, which created by Prince Paolo Petrovich Troubetzkoy, has been erected in front of the main gate of the palace. This sculpture is a prominent example of Russian sculpturing in the early twentieth century. As you enter the palace, the first thing that appears to us is the central staircase of the palace, Gala Staircase, – a fantastic and unique interior appearance in the history of Russian architecture of the eighteenth century. It designed with the various colored marble. In front of the entrance, there is a marble relief portrait of the primary architect (A. Rinaldi) of the palace, the main purpose of installation of the portrait was to show the value architect’s work. The identity of the maker of the statue is still unknown.
After the October Revolution of 1917, the Palace was first used as the Academy for the History of Culture Materials, and later in 1937 as the Lenin Museum which placed on the second floor. In 1992, the palace accepted as a Russian State Museum, at that time, a lot of work was done to renovate it, and the building became the home of a permanent collection of modern arts. The palace also permanently shows a group of Russian and foreign arts of the twentieth century which initially owned by Peter and Irene Ludwig, donated to the museum, which today is called the “Museum of Ludwig.”
The legacy of Saint Petersburg is its artistic and cultural treasures. Our Russian tour package provides you the opportunity to visit these treasures. By visiting the palace, you can see various collections of modern arts and also participate in the permanent and temporary events that take place in the mansion. Visit Saint Petersburg, and you can spend months in it, and you will drown into its glory. If you are looking for a fantastic trip to Russia, contact us to learn more about our Russia tour package.